Hyodo Toshiyuki [Yoshiyuki] and others
DATE OF CRIMES
Between December 1942 and February 1943
LOCATION OF CRIMES
No. 8 Oxley Rise, Singapore
DATE OF TRIAL
10, 11, 12, 13 and 17 February 1947
LOCATION OF TRIAL
The three defendants were members of the Kempeitai detachment in Oxley Rise, Singapore. They were charged with the war crimes of ill-treatment of civilian residents of Singapore: Mohammed bin Mohammed Salleh, Koy Boon, and Hardial Singh, and with the death of Koy Boon as a result of the ill-treatment.
At the end of the prosecution's case, the charges against the third defendant, Sergeant Kawano Senichi were dropped because of lack of a prima facie case.
The defence admitted ill-treatment by the first defendant, Sergeant-Major Hyodo Toshiyuki, but claimed that the prosecutor had exaggerated its gravity. For the second defendant, Sergeant-Major Maeyama Kunio the defence claimed that he was not an interrogator, thus he was not in the position to have ill-treated Mohammed bin Mohammed Salleh.
The defence denied that either defendants was concerned in the torture and death of Koy Boon. Both defendants were found guilty with exception of the crimes committed against Hardial Singh. Sergeant-Major Hyodo Toshiyuki was sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment and Sergeant-Major Maeyama Kunio was sentenced to 6 years' imprisonment.
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The case is also interesting because it provides insights on the techniques used by the Kempeitai to obtain confessions. The victims recalled being given beatings, electric shock treatments as well as having water forcibly poured into their mouths by accused. Particularly cruel was the ill-treatment suffered by Koy Boon, which included the burning of different parts of his body, and which caused his death. The surviving victims of the illtreatment were able to testify in court.
To aid the court in understanding the layout of No. 8 Oxley Rise, the court actually adjourned there to hear the witness's testimony on its layout. The prosecution called a Captain Kunizuka Kazunori as a witness due to his ability to translate Japanese, this was notable as he was being held in Changi Gaol as a suspected war criminal.
Hyodo, Toshiyuki. Sergeant-Major. From Japanese military. From Japan. Guilty. 10 years' imprisonment. Sentence confirmed.
Maeyama, Kunio. Sergeant-Major. From Japanese military. From Japan. Guilty. 6 years' imprisonment. Sentence confirmed.
Kawano, Senichi. Sergeant. From Japanese military. From Japan. Not guilty.
Massie L.A. Lieutenant Colonel. From British military. Court president. Solicitor.
Futcher S.F. Major. From British military.
Dunsford, E.H. Captain. From British military.
Srivastava, K.K. Major. From British Indian Army. Advocate of Civil Court, Oudh, Lucknow.
Fujiwa, Mutsuro. Barrister of the Supreme Court in Tokyo.
DEFENCE ADVISORY OFFICERS
Wait, R.T. Captain. From British military.